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Opolskie lies in south-western Poland. The major part of the voivodship's area is situated on Nizina ¦l±ska (Silesian Lowland). In the east, the region touches upon Wyżyna ¦l±ska (Silesian Uplands) with the famous St. Anne Mountain; there is a Sudeten range to the south-west (Opawskie Mountains). The Odra River cuts across the middle of the voivodship. The Opolskie voivodship is the smallest region in the administrative make-up of the country, both in terms of area and population. However, its geographical location, economic potential and qualifications of its inhabitants make it an attractive partner for cooperation with other Polish regions (especially the Dolno¶l±skie and ¦l±skie voivodships), as well as with the foreign ones. Formed in 1997, the Pradziad Euroregion eases the economic, cultural and tourist exchange between the border areas of Poland and the Czech Republic. The Opolskie Voivodship has the highest percentage of the German minority of all voivodships of the country. The transport connection from Germany to Ukraine goes through Opolskie. The region has four border crossings and direct rail connections to all important Polish cities, as well as to Frankfurt, Munich, Budapest, Kiev and the Baltic harbours. All of these add to the advantages for investors in the Opolskie region, who want to establish themselves not only on the Polish market but also in Germany, Czech Republic, Ukraine, Russia and Slovakia.


Opolskie is an industrial-agricultural region. With respect to mineral resources, of major importance are deposits of building raw materials, i.e. limestone (Strzelce poviat), marl (near Opole), marble and basalt. The favourable climate, fertile soils and high farming culture contribute to the development of agriculture, which is among the most productive in the country. A total of 19 industries are represented in the voivodship. The most important are cement and lime, furniture, food, car manufacturing and chemical industries. In 1997, the biggest production growth in the area was in companies producing wood and wood products, electrical equipment, machinery and appliances, as well as cellulose and paper products. In 1997, the top company in the region was Zakłady Azotowe S.A. in Kędzierzyn-KoĽle whose income was of over PLN 860 million. The voivodship's economy consists of more than 53,000 businesses, mostly small and medium-sized, employing over 332,000 people. Manufacturing companies employ over 89,000 people. 95,7% of all the region's business operate in the private sector.


There are following state-run universities in the region: the newly created University of Opole, the Opole Technical University and the Theological Faculty of the University of Opole. All of them are based in the voivodship's capital. Among the region's private schools, the Opole School of Management and Administration has been certified as a degree granting institution by the Ministry of National Education.


The Opolskie voivodship is a green region with three large lakes: Turawskie, Nyskie and Otmuchowskie (the latter two are connected). The Opawskie Mountains are extremely popular. The region also includes Piast Castle in Brzeg - pearl of the Silesian Reneissance, the Franciscan monastery on top of St.Anne Mountain, as well as the medieval defense fortifications in Paczków (referred to as the Polish Carcassonne). The region is characterised by having the warmest climate in the country.


Seat of Regional Council

(Sejmik) and Marshal


Total number of gminas (communes) 71
Rural gminas 37
Rural gminas with townships 31
Urban gminas (towns) 3
Urban gminas (towns)with poviat status   1
Number of poviats (counties)   11
Total number of units of poviat character   12
Seat of Regional Audit Chamber   Opole
Seat of Voivod   Opole

(central government representative and supervisory authority)

Population in total 1 091 077
Number of women per 100 men 105
Urban population 52,5%
Rural population 47,5%
Population density (inhabitants per square kilometre) 116
Area (in square kilometres) 9 412
Number of towns and townships 34
Number of villages 1 561
Voivodship's share in GDP 2,4%
Voivodship's GDP (in thousand złotys per one inhabitant) 9,9
Revenues of gminas budgets (in złotys per one inhabitant) 1 037
Unemployment rate 9,8%
Switched phone network subscribers (per 1000 inhabitants) 180,4
Road network density (kilometres per 100 square kilometres) 88
Number of large foreign investors (investment over $1 mln) 35