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Stanisław Wyspiański Time-line

Age Date   Event
0 1869 15 Jan Born in Krakow, the son of an alcoholic sculptor, Franciszek Wyspiański.
7 1876   Death of his mother; is brought up by aunt.
10 1879   Enrolled in high school (gymanzium); during the school year his favorite hobby is the theater. Together with fellow classmates (Henry Opieński, Stanisław Estreicher, Lucjan Rydel, Józef Mehoffer) he organizes a dramatic circle giving amateur performances.
18 1887   Upon graduating from high school, he embarks on tour of eastern Małopolska, makes drawings of architectural landmarks in the visited localities; in the Fall he begins studies in Karkow's Academy of Fine Arts directed by Jan Matejko. Józef Mehoffer is a fellow student.
20 1889   During the summer he tour the Podkarpacie region for the purpose of collecting materials regarding artistic landmarks of the region; in the Fall he participates in the creation of wall painting in St. Mary's Church in Kraków.
21 1890   Visits Austria, Italy, Switzerland, France and Germany in first trip abroad lasting several months. In France he admires the gothic cathedrals, in Germany he attends performances of Wagner's musical dramas.
22 1891   He leaves together with Merhoffer for a longer sojourn in Paris; he studies drawing and painting in a private academy; among the many teatirical experiences the most important are operas, greek tragedies, and the classical French tragedies from the 16th and 17th centuries; his first dramatic efforts take the form of opera librettos; seeks to persuade Opieński to compose the musical scores.
23 1892   He receives a commission for stained glass windows for Lwów cathedral, the subject matter: the vows of King Jan Kazimierz.
24 1893   Works on the stained glass windows, writes the first dramatic interpretation of his own painting: the Queen of the Polish Crown; it will appear in print only posthumously in 1908. As a painter, under the influence of Gauguin and Van Gogh he moves from naturalism to a decorative style, abandons the spatial traditions of Matejko's school for concepts of a linear surface. Becomes interested in gothic art, studies motifs derived from the vegetation, focuses on flowers as decorative motifs, introduces them as motifs in the portraits of women and children.
25 1894   Falls madly in love with Zofia Pietraszkiewicz and proposes but is turned down. Last trip to Paris.
27 1896   Restores the stained glass windows in the Dominican Church in Krakow. Begins to illustrate the Illiad.
28 1897   Edits the artistic page of Kraków's weekly "Zycie"; begins work on the wall paintings of the Franciscan Church in Kraków.
29 1898   An important year in terms of the emphasis of Wyspiański's work moving from painting to literature; first print editions of Legendy and Warszawianka; theatrical debut is the premier of Warszawianka in Kraków on October 26.
30 1899   Marries Teodora Pytko, an uneducated peasant girl and his aunt's servant with who he already had three children.
31 1900   Publication of Kazimierz Wielki (Casimir the Great) a historical epic drama; he writes and published the drama "Legion"; in November he is a guest at the wedding of his friend Lucjan Rydel in Bronowice. On returning home he sits down to write the dramatic rendition of the event.
32 1901 16 Mar The Kraków premier of Wesele (The Wedding); Wyspiański works out the staging of Mickiewicz's Dziady (Forefather's Eve) for the Kraków Theater (now called Teatr Stary -the Old Theater.)
33 1902   Appointed to the post of Assistant Professor (docent) in the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts.
34 1903   The dramas Bolesław Smiały (Boleslaw the Brave) and Wyzwolenie (Liberation) appear on the stage and in print; a conflict with Jozef Kotarbiński become the reason for Wyspiański to sever his contact with the Kraków Theater.
35 1904   The drama Noc Listopadowa (November Night), written in the years 1900-1903, appears in print.
36 1905   After Kotarbiński leaves the post of Director of the Kraków Theater, Wyspiański seeks the position but Ludwik Solski is appointed. Paralysis renders him unable to walk; the men of the theater would carry him in on a chair,
37 1906   Is appointed to the Chair of Decorative and Church Painting of the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts; he is during this period gravely ill, he spends the last period of his life in the Kraków countryside at Węgrzyce.
38 1907 28 Nov Dies in Kraków, is buried among the honored in the Church Na Skałce.


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