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Introduction
The Middle Ages (Religious writings)
Early Secular Literature
The Renaissance period
           Kochanowski and his disciples
           Achievements in prose writing
           Other literary forms
The Baroque period
           Poetry
The Enlightenment
           Rise of the Polish drama
           Didactic element in prose writing
The 19th century
           Romanticism
           Positivism
The 20th century
           The literature of Socialist Realism
           New trends in poetry and drama
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A survey of Polish literature by Bogdan Koca, Artistic Director of the Sydney Art Theatre
5,330 words from The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, eds. A. Preminger, T. V. F. Brogan. Princeton, New Jersey 1993
2,075 words Literature in the period of the partitions: as an expression of the national duty of the author and reaction to that notion.
770 words An account of the development of the novel in Polish literature. The topic covers a century from the 1789 to the 1880.
965 words Notes pertaining to Positivism, a literary period in Poland that lasted approximately from c.1863 until 1890.
1,010 words An account of the movement's earliest manifestations are traced to Mickiewicz's 1822 Ballads and Romances. As it develops, the movement is seen to take on the fundamentally Classicist idea of literature serving society. Then after the failure of the November rising of 1830 it develops, mostly in exile, a philosophy of consolation; later still of violent resistance to foreign oppression that ends in the calamitous January rising of 1863. Also a timeline of relevant events.
1,210 words Movements in Polish literature: Classicism [c. 1750-1800]; Neo-Classicism [1800-1825]; Romanticism [1822-1863]; Neo-Romanticism: Positivism and Realism.
3,185 words A review of censorship practices in the Polish Lands in the context to the political events and situations of the period.
1,650 words An annotated chronicle of historical and literary events
1,365 words Discussion of a literary movements in Polish literature whose major representatives include: Jerzy Jankowski (1887-1941), Bruno Jasienski (1901-1937), Stanislaw Mlodozeniec (1895-1959), Tytus Czyzewski (1880-1946), Anatol Stern (1899-1968), and Aleksander Wat (1900-1967).
1,100 words Traces the course of its imposition, increasing control, then censorship. The relaxation that came after Stalin's death and the system's collapse or assumation of a somewhat more benign character after 1955
1,630 words An account and introduction to the dramatic cycle Forefathers' Eve (Dziady) written by Adam Mickiewicz: Parts II & IV 1823 Vilnius; Part III 1832 Paris; Part I (fragment) 1860 Paris. Included also is the "Digression", a series of long poems following the drama which depicted despotism in St. Petersburg in all its horror and particularly exercised the Russian censors. The worl became politically contentious again with the Soviet occupation of Polish territory at the start of WWII and the later cosignment of Poland to the Soviet sphere of influence. Also briefly considered is the notion that it inspired Solidarity and thus brought about the collapse of the Soviet Empire.
1,320 words The Black Book of Polish Censorship (Czarna ksiega cenzury PRL) consists of approximately 700 pages of classified documents dating from the period 1974-77, which the Cracow censor, Tomasz Strzyzewski, smuggled out of People's Poland to Sweden in February 1977. The tome had a profound impact upon the Polish intelligentsia, particularly writers, who were astounded by the draconian restrictions applied by the state.
1,340 words Underground publishers and publications began to appear from the mid-1970s in Poland. Its potential expanded enormously with the rise of Solidarity. Following the declaration of Martial Law, the state authorities imposed a severe clampdown, which however didn't eradicate underground publishing entirely. In February 1987 a new policy of toleration was introduced and publications became widely available.
2,800 words An essay on the effect that the regaining of sovereignty in 1989 has had and may have on a very dynamic transformation of contemporary Polish literature.
380 words Steps, strategies and general features of the attempted Sovietization of Poland
4,270 words A discussion of the different circumstances and attitudes of the poetry of the 1970s and poetry of the 1990s.
760 words The Generation of '68/New Wave whose focus of attention in their poetry was the official language of propaganda thereby audiences to the numbing effect of official discourses Newspeak and expose its inadequacies.
5,420 words A critical essay addressing Polish literary traditions of the past three centuries.
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